Sugar cane

Facts About Sugar

The Agronomic Differences Between Cane Sugar and Beet Sugar

The sugar cane plant is grown above ground and thrives in warm, moist and tropical climate. Sugar is refined from the plant stems. The sugar cane is harvested by chopping off the stems or canes while leaving the roots so that the plant can grow again. After the leaves are stripped, the juice is removed by crushing the canes between rollers. The juice is then filtered and evaporated  becoming crystaline raw sugar. Raw sugar is further purified by filtering and boiling to remove molasses and color.

The sugar beet grows best in a temperate climate, and stores its sugar in its yellow-to-white root. Beet sugar is extracted from beets grown underground as a root crop.  Sugar beets are sliced and boiled down to a thick syrup, from which sugar is crystalized and dried.  Sugar beets are planted every year.

Sugarcane is an important industrial crop of tropical and subtropical regions and is cultivated on close to 20 million hectares in more than 90 countries. Sugarcane belongs to the grass family (Poaceae), an economically important seed plant family that includes maize, wheat, rice, and sorghum as well as many forage crops. The main product of sugarcane is sucrose, which accumulates in the stalk internodes. Sucrose, extracted and purified in specialized mill factories, is used as raw material in human food industries or is fermented to produce ethanol, a low pollution fuel. Ethanol is produced on a large scale by the Brazilian sugarcane industry


Sugar beet, a cultivated plant of Beta vulgaris, is a plant whose tuber contains a high concentration of sucrose. It is grown commercially for sugar production. Sugar beets and other B. vulgaris cultivars such as beetroot and chard share a common wild ancestor, the sea beet (Beta vulgaris maritima)

The European Union, the United States, and Russia are the world's three largest sugar beet producers,although only the European Union and Ukraine are significant exporters of sugar from beets